Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) is known to be a genetic condition that makes it very difficult for the affected child to concentrate or sit still. There are several brain areas that are responsible for taking care of these two activities. Children who have ADHD do not those areas functioning normally as it happen for other people. The development of these areas is rather slow in case of children who suffer from ADHD. The best evidence research suggests is the frontal lobe being affected in kids who have ADHD. It can result in an imbalance in the brain chemicals. This also provides an explanation as to why these children face difficulty in interacting with their peers.
The symptoms that develop alongside may keep changing, but the condition is a lifelong one. It doesn’t take away the hope that they cannot be successful and happy. As a parent you can try out different strategies along with treatment options to manage the symptoms caused by ADHD.
As families differ from one household to the other, the treatment options will also vary depending on your environmental factors. Choosing the correct strategies will actually work wonders in boosting your child’s confidence.
Types of ADHD
It is not necessary for your child to appear hyperactive in order to be diagnosed of AHHD. Many make this mistake, and this leads to a later detection when symptoms become quite prominent. There are three main types of ADHD.
ADHD (Predominantly Inattentive Presentation)
Children having this type of ADHD will face difficulty in paying attention. They get easily distracted and experience issues related to hyperactivity and impulsivity. This type is also known as attention-deficit disorder (ADD).
(Predominantly Hyperactive-Impulsive Presentation) ADHD
Children falling under this category will show signs of hyperactivity and a need to keep moving constantly. They might even exhibit impulse control.
ADHD (Combined Presentation)
This is the most common of all the types. Children falling under this category exhibit all the symptoms mentioned in the two categories.
Researchers haven’t been able to pinpoint the specific causes that exactly lead to ADHD. Though, they have been able to identify certain factors that are a brain-based biological condition. Some of the causes are:
- Heredity and Genes: ADHD can be caused by genetic factors. If your kid is exhibiting symptoms of ADHD, there is a possibility that you might also have it. Statistics reports that about 35 per cent of the cases have a sibling or parent with ADHD as well.
- Brain Differences: Some brain areas may not develop as it is expected it. It may be less active than other kids. One research study found that ADHD is a result of low amount of dopamine which is important for attention, movement, and mood.
- Brain Injury: It is very uncommon for ADHD to occur due to Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI). But, sometimes kids having BTI do shows signs of ADHD. Many studies have shown that attention problems result due to acquired brain injuries among children.
- Environmental factors: If the unborn baby is exposed to cigarette smoke and alcohol, there are high chances of acquiring ADHD.