Dyslexia is also referred to as reading disorders which are characterized by problems with reading in spite of having a normal level of intelligence. Not all people are affected in the same way; different people are affected in different manners. The problems generally include difficulty in spelling out a word, problems faced when trying to read quickly, or difficulty with writing words. One may also face problems when they are trying to sound out words mentally, face difficulty in pronouncing certain words when reading out a paragraph, or has difficulty in following what someone else is reading out. This is a condition which is often diagnosed at school first. These difficulties are not voluntary, and anyone with this disorder has normal desires of learning.
Causes of Dyslexia
Dyslexia occurs as a result of genetic factors or in certain cases; environmental factors may also result in this condition. People who have Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder generally show symptoms of dyslexia, that is, they have problems with numbers. Dyslexia begins in an adult person due to a variety of causes that include stroke, brain injuries or even dementia. Given below are fire causes of dyslexia.
- If a child in the family has dyslexia, there is a hundred percent chance of your relatives having it as well. Dyslexia, I numerous cases, occurs as a result of the genes.
- Not everyone has the same brain anatomy. People who have dyslexia who have brains different from others that are, the parts of the brain connect with each other in a manner which may not be efficient. Dyslexia is not about the structure of the brain, but it has more to do with the functions of the brain.
- When we are reading anything, the brain has the capability of converting the symbols into the book into sounds. A person, who has dyslexia, does not have the similar functioning of the brain.
Social and Emotional Factors
According to researchers, dyslexia is not caused as a result of any problems in the family; rather it has biological factors associated with it. A child with dyslexia does not begin to face problems when he is in the playschool. The problems start arising when they start with the early reading courses. The frustration starts building up as soon as a dyslexic child sees his classmates start surpassing him in the reading skills. The main reason of frustration is that the dyslexic child cannot meet the expectations of his parents or teachers. The dyslexics also start to grow up with the belief that the worst thing to do is, commit a mistake.
The main causes why a dyslexic faces problems socially are:
- Generally, the children affected with dyslexia are not only physically, but also emotionally and socially very immature as compared to the peers. This, in turn, leads to a poor self-image as well as less acceptance among the peers.
- Dyslexia has a tendency to affect the functioning of oral language. They stammer, are unable to understand which words to use exactly and give long pauses when they are asked questions.
The only way to make them socially acceptable is, understanding the problems that they are facing and embracing them with love so that they start feeling comfortable even when they stammer or are unable to respond quickly. It is the duty of the other people to make him feel comfortable so that he does not feel socially disturbed and emotionally detached.